International Chess Day is celebrated on July 20, It was established on July 20, 1966, to commemorate FIDE’s founding. The concept of celebrating International Chess Day on July 20th was presented by UNESCO.
American Chess Day is on September 1st.
National Chess Day is recognized on the second Saturday in October. Former U.S. President Gerald Ford announced and designated National Chess Day in 1976.
Here’s some Chess History and Facts for you
- Originally, the Queen could only move one square at a time, diagonally. Later, she could move two squares at a time, diagonally. It wasn’t until Reconquista Spain, with its powerful queen Isabella, that the Queen became the strongest piece on the board.
- The first Chessboard with alternating light and dark squares appears in Europe in 1090.
- Frank Marshall was the first American to defeat a Soviet player in an international tournament in New York, 1924.
- About 600,000,000 (Six hundred million) people know how to play chess worldwide.
- The word “Checkmate” in Chess comes from the Persian phrase “Shah Mat,” which means “the King is dead.”
- The longest chess game theoretically possible is 5,949 moves. In reality the longest chess game ever was I.Nikolic – Arsovic, Belgrade 1989, which ended in 269 moves. The game was a draw.
- A computer called DeepThought became the first computer to beat an international grandmaster in November 1988, Long Beach, California.The International Chess Federation (FIDE) [Fédération Internationale des Échecs] is the governing body of the sport of chess, and it regulates all international chess competitions.
- In many languages, the Pawn is a foot soldier, but in German and Spanish, it’s a peasant or farmer.
- The youngest World Chess Champion was Soviet player Garry Kasparox In 1985, at the age of 22 years and 210 days.
- The folding chessboard was invented by a priest who was forbidden to play chess so he could quickly hide it by sticking it between books on his bookshelf.
- The number of possibilities of a Knight’s tour is over 122 million.
- Dr. Emanuel Lasker from Germany retained the World Chess Champion title for more time than any other player ever: 26 years and 337 days.
- The second book ever printed in the English language was about chess called, “Game and Playe of the Chesse,” .
- The oldest recorded chess game in history is from the 900s, between a historian from Baghdad and his student.
- The oldest surviving complete chess sets were found on the Isle of Lewis, in northern Scotland, and dates to the 12th century
- One of, or maybe the most expensive Chess game is the Pearl Royale Chess Set which is made from solid 18k white gold, inset with more than 500 carats of diamonds, royal blue sapphires and South Sea Pearls. It is valued at $4,000,000.