Play Monopoly Day
In 1903, American antimonopolist Lizzie Magie created a game originally called, “The Landlord’s Game” to help explain the single-tax theory of Henry George. She intended the game to be an educational tool to illustrate the negative aspects of concentrating land in private monopolies. Since then the game has been played by millions. Today you can celebrate by playing a game with your friends or family.
The Landlord’s Game had two sets of rules, one with taxation and another one more like our modern game based on current rules. When Monopoly was first published by Parker Brothers in 1935, it did not include the less capitalistic taxation rule, which resulted in a more competitive game. Parker Brothers eventually became Hasbro in 1991.
How to Play Monopoly
When playing Monopoly players roll two dice to move around the game board. Each time you land you will be on a square where you can buy or trade properties. Each property has a couple squares and once you own all the properties you can add houses and hotels on them. Then when other players land on your property they have to pay you a fee. The more houses and hotels you have, the more of a fee they have to pay. You can also make or lose money when you land on Chance and Community Chest square and have to draw a card. the card will have instructions on if you won or lost or what action to take. Players also receive a stipend every time they pass “Go”, You can also end up on a corner square that sends you to jail, from which they cannot move until they roll doubles or happen to have drawn a “get out of jail free” card. The goal of the game is to make the other players go bankrupt, then you win.
- Monopoly was originally called, “The Landlord’s Game.”
- Many people believe that a man named Charles Darrow invented Monopoly, but in reality it was created by a woman named Elizabeth Magie as a way to protest against the monopolists of her time. Darrow had taken it to Parker Brothers and claims it to be his own which was untrue.
- The first Monopoly games sold for $2 a game.
- Properties on the board are named after real Atlantic City locations that existed at that time.
- The theory goes that the Monopoly man was modeled after J.P. Morgan, of Hartford, Connecticut, U.S. He was an American financier and industrial organizer and one of the world’s foremost financial figures during the time the game was invented.
- British secret service officials used Monopoly games to smuggle in maps and tools to help the POWs escape captivity in Germany.
- Monopoly is publishes in 47 languages as of writing this article.
- The largest number of people to have played Monopoly in a single venue was 733. This record was achieved in Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA on 12 January 2017.
- The largest simultaneous game of Monopoly across multiple venues involved 2,918 people across 21 locations worldwide. The game was organized by Hasbro and took place on 27 August 2008.
- There are only a few original “Landlord’s Game” games in existence and they are valued at $50,000.
- In 1973, Parker Brothers released a Braille Edition of Monopoly to accommodate the visually impaired.
- One of the more expensive editions of Monopoly is the Darrow Black Box and is worth about 2,000.
- The Darrow White Box edition costs over $6,000!
- The 3D Monopoly New York Edition costs about $500 a game.
- In 2007, Winning Moves Games, produced a limited 100 of the 1,000,000 Edition of Monopoly to celebrate the company’s millionth copy of Monopoly.
- In 1988, jeweler Sidney Mobell handcrafted a 23-karat gold Monopoly set. He made each game piece out of 18-karat solid gold. The little number dots on the dice are diamond studs, and all of the Monopoly money was printed on gold paper. The hotels and houses were also decorated with rubies and sapphires. This Monopoly set is worth $2 million. He made this game to be a featured showpiece at the 1988 World Monopoly Tournament in London. And it now sits at the Smithsonian Museum.
- Jim Henson’s Muppets Collector’s Edition will cost you somewhere around $100 as will The Beatle’s Edition.
- The Wizard of Oz Anniversary Collector’s Edition will cost you a couple hundred buckeroos.